js实现base64编解码

这段代码的出处实在是太多,就不放出原文地址了.

var base64EncodeChars = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789+/ ";  
var base64DecodeChars = new Array(-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, 62, -1, -1, -1, 63,  
    52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14,
    15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40,
    41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1);

function base64encode(str) {  
    var out, i, len;
    var c1, c2, c3;

    len = str.length;
    i = 0;
    out = " ";
    while (i < len) {
        c1 = str.charCodeAt(i++) & 0xff;
        if (i == len) {
            out += base64EncodeChars.charAt(c1 >> 2);
            out += base64EncodeChars.charAt((c1 & 0x3) << 4);
            out += "== ";
            break;
        }
        c2 = str.charCodeAt(i++);
        if (i == len) {
            out += base64EncodeChars.charAt(c1 >> 2);
            out += base64EncodeChars.charAt(((c1 & 0x3) << 4) | ((c2 & 0xF0) >> 4));
            out += base64EncodeChars.charAt((c2 & 0xF) << 2);
            out += "= ";
            break;
        }
        c3 = str.charCodeAt(i++);
        out += base64EncodeChars.charAt(c1 >> 2);
        out += base64EncodeChars.charAt(((c1 & 0x3) << 4) | ((c2 & 0xF0) >> 4));
        out += base64EncodeChars.charAt(((c2 & 0xF) << 2) | ((c3 & 0xC0) >> 6));
        out += base64EncodeChars.charAt(c3 & 0x3F);
    }
    return out;
}

function base64decode(str) {  
    var c1, c2, c3, c4;
    var i, len, out;

    len = str.length;
    i = 0;
    out = " ";
    while (i < len) {
        /*  c1  */
        do {
            c1 = base64DecodeChars[str.charCodeAt(i++) & 0xff];
        } while (i < len && c1 == -1);
        if (c1 == -1)
            break;

        /*  c2  */
        do {
            c2 = base64DecodeChars[str.charCodeAt(i++) & 0xff];
        } while (i < len && c2 == -1);
        if (c2 == -1)
            break;

        out += String.fromCharCode((c1 << 2) | ((c2 & 0x30) >> 4));

        /*  c3  */
        do {
            c3 = str.charCodeAt(i++) & 0xff;
            if (c3 == 61)
                return out;
            c3 = base64DecodeChars[c3];
        } while (i < len && c3 == -1);
        if (c3 == -1)
            break;

        out += String.fromCharCode(((c2 & 0XF) << 4) | ((c3 & 0x3C) >> 2));

        /*  c4  */
        do {
            c4 = str.charCodeAt(i++) & 0xff;
            if (c4 == 61)
                return out;
            c4 = base64DecodeChars[c4];
        } while (i < len && c4 == -1);
        if (c4 == -1)
            break;
        out += String.fromCharCode(((c3 & 0x03) << 6) | c4);
    }
    return out;
}

alert(base64encode("?"))  

可以根据base64编码将data格式的url地址进行编码,这样能有效的减少url长度.